It should address the program’s risk management organization (e.g., RMBs and working groups, frequency of meetings and members, etc. This benefit enables an incremental approach to capability adaptation in MOSA-enabled systems and is a benefit of the modularity originally specified in the functional architecture. Map modular open systems strategy and functional architecture to Statement of Work (SOW) requirements, Data Item Descriptions (DID) and Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) items consistently across the enterprise. Figure 3 shows a single system-level PDR and multiple build-level PDRs for multiple, successive builds. Any tailoring with respect to establishing an allocated baseline at PDR prior to Milestone B should be consistent with the approved Acquisition Strategy (AS) and documented in the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP). 13 and CH 9– System parameters defined; balanced with cost, schedule and risk. Establish the technical requirements for the detailed design, EMD contract specifications and Statement of Work (SOW). Figure 41 provides a notional representation of different types of product-related data. ), Initial identification of critical technologies, Interdependencies/interfaces/memoranda of agreement (MOAs), Life-Cycle Mission Data Plan for Intelligence Mission Data (IMD)-dependent programs (See CH 3–4.3.12. Tracking and reporting initial product baseline changes after CDR and recommend the path forward in accordance with the Configuration Management (CM) process, to the extent the competitive environment allows (see. Another best practice is to have the technical representatives from each system participate in each others’ SFR, PDR, and CDR. Successful materiel developers ensure a high level of knowledge is achieved at key junctures in development. Include this information in AoAs, trade studies and as input to RFPs. This figure summarizes the requirements of DoDI 4650.01. The studies should be performed in conjunction with product support, cost and design personnel, using the, Conduct a Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Cost (RAM-C) analysis. It is important to note the supplemental guidance contains several mandatory standards. By breaking the system into successively smaller pieces, the PM ensures system elements and enabling system elements are identified in terms of cost, schedule and performance goals, thereby reducing overall program risk in the process. Incorporating CPC requirements, plans, specification, standards and criteria into relevant contractual documentation for all equipment and facilities. It can also be a tool to help you drive effectiveness through your analytical teams. Recommendation that the preferred materiel solution can affordably meet user needs with acceptable risk. PMs need to ensure that spectrum access is adequate and that it is granted in the Continental United States (CONUS) and wherever else the equipment is deployed. DoDM 4160.21-M, Volume 1, Defense Materiel Disposition: Disposal Guidance and Procedures. Emerging threats to the logistic resupply of operational forces, the trend toward ever greater energy demand in the operational forces and increasing costs to operate and resupply energy-intensive systems have all put increasing focus on lowering system and unit energy demand. For some categories, such as “System Performance,” there should be multiple TPMs to monitor forecasted performance of each Key Performance Parameter (KPP) and each Key System Attribute (KSA). Each incremental review should complete a functional or physical area of design. Monte Carlo is one technique used to generate multiple runs simulating project progress. The PM should ensure that technical assessments routinely occur throughout the life cycle on a reporting timeline that supports forecasting and timely resolution of risks -- informing decision makers of technical progress to plan and supporting EVMS. This understanding provides guidance to the system realization, on which enabling elements (e.g., standards, contract clauses, engineering tools, etc.) Consistency between a product and its design requirements, supporting documentation and associated production and sustainment systems. Manage ESOH design considerations from the beginning of the SE effort. What is the program’s risk management process? Assessment of software maturity and status of software trouble reports. further details the program protection roles and responsibilities. Conduct technical activities in support of the Development RFP Release Decision Point. Disciplined technical assessments support the establishment of the various baselines and achievement of system verification. Determination that program plans are affordable and executable and that the program is ready to release RFPs for EMD and/or for LRIP (or Limited Deployment options for MAIS programs). Require that DoD work only with sources approved by the DCA for contracts involving CSIs. Weapon system acquisitions often contain a mix of GOTS SW with complete technical data and software rights, other SW items (e.g., COTS) with restricted Government purpose rights and SW with virtually no rights other than the commercial license to use or access the SW (see FAR (Subpart 27.4)). Stakeholder Requirements Definition Process) or other prior analytic and/or prototyping efforts conducted by the S&T community. DTR 4500.9-R, Defense Transportation Regulation, Integrate producibility into the program’s risk management program, Incorporate producibility into the new product strategy, Understand and document company and supplier processes, Identify key characteristics of the design, Perform trade studies on alternative product and process designs, Address producibility measurements at Preliminary Design Review (PDR), Critical Design Review (CDR), Production Readiness Review (PRR) and Full-Rate Production Design Review (FRP DR), Optimize manufacturing plans as the design matures. The technical outputs and products from the P&D phase identified in Table 25 are some of the inputs necessary to support SE processes in the O&S phase. Modern weapon systems are often intended to operate in threat and target environments throughout the world in multiple domains. When designing for modularity, the system should be appropriately partitioned into discrete, scalable, self-contained functional elements by decomposing and decoupling the functions of a system. Tasks may be preventive, predictive or proactive in nature. Configuration Management Process). The PM and Systems Engineer evaluate the designs and associated logistics elements to determine whether they correctly and completely implemented all allocated system requirements, and whether they have maintained traceability to the CDD. Evidence-based evaluations that communicate progress and technical risk are essential for the PM to determine the need for revised program plans or technical risk mitigation actions throughout the acquisition life cycle. In addition, the Systems Engineer considers where product and maintenance information reside and how the life-cycle data are used within the configuration management and product support systems -- including new and legacy information systems. Development planning (DP) encompasses the engineering analysis and technical planning activities that provide the foundation for informed investment decisions on the path a materiel development follows to meet operational needs effectively, affordably and sustainably. Establishing the plan to PDR in applicable contract documents, including the SE Management Plan (SEMP), Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) and Integrated Master Plan (IMP). Assessing the impact of system requirements changes resulting from evolving threats, changes to operational environment or in response to changes within the SoS or interfacing systems. Referencing current required operational documentation and system performance specifications. Both individual systems and SoS conform to the accepted definition of a system in that each consists of parts, relationships and a whole that is greater than the sum of its parts; however, not all systems are SoS. By: Jake Bridges I have a lower total carbon footprint than the US average, but a higher housing and goods and services System Security Engineering for information regarding protection of critical program information). I&D requirements call for collaborative implementation approaches with external organizations, including identification, management and control of key interfaces. Modifications to the SE processes and SEP may be required because of root cause and corrective action analysis and implementation. In compliance with DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3, sec. Conducting or supporting the technical evaluation in support of source selection for the EMD contract award. Figure 19 illustrates the notional sequence of technical reviews and audits. Monitoring and controlling the execution of the PCA closure plans. Organizational structure for integrating ESOH (or refer to Table 3.4.4-2 if it includes the ESOH team details) and the Program Office ESOH point of contact, Required ESOH approvals, endorsements, releases, and the designated high and serious risk acceptance user representative(s), PESHE and NEPA/EO 12114 Compliance Schedule, ESOH contractual language, ESOH Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) items, and ESOH DFARS clauses, Description of how design minimizes ESOH risks by summarizing how the program has integrated ESOH considerations into SE processes including the method for tracking hazards and ESOH risks and mitigation plans throughout the life cycle of system. The successive integration phases follow the sequence defined in the program’s integration plan and lead to the final product being ready for verification and validation. Requirements validation authority action. 13.a) due at the Development Request for Proposals (RFP) Release Decision Point. The SVR/FCA typically occurs during the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase. Section 508 should be considered as a design requirement, addressed at each technical review and clearly stated in the Acquisition Strategy and Systems Engineering Plan. The "end user” includes the warfighter and other operational users, including support personnel, maintainers and trainers who use or support the system. As examples, a ship development program may require prototypes of mission modules being developed by another program in the course of developmental testing, or a weapon may depend on new sensor capabilities provided by another system. The business case analysis should address the potential benefit as well as the resources required and likelihood of achieving the benefit. The ME results provide the basis for developing and evolving the SoS architecture, identifying or negotiating changes to the constituent systems that impact the SoS and working with the constituent systems to implement and integrate those changes. (See CH 1–4.2.16.). Energy-related engineering analysis should begin early enough to support initial Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) planning following the Materiel Development Decision, and should also be routinely updated to inform any AoA performed later in the life cycle (i.e., in support of block upgrades and modifications). Document the processes as they apply to contractors, subcontractors and teammates. Chairing the configuration control board (CCB) for the system performance specification and other documentation used to control the functional baseline. Special attention should be made to ensure the consistency of analysis that supports key decision and transition points throughout the program's life cycle. Supporting test and evaluation activities as documented in the TEMP (see Chief Developmental Tester responsibilities in, Reviewing requirements traceability matrix and cross reference matrix (verification), Managing root cause and corrective action (RCCA) efforts along with supporting the risk and opportunity boards, Supporting the selection of qualified vendors for parts, materiel, and processes (for hardware and software), Reviewing deliverables on the contract to ensure compliance and utility, and to ensure appropriate format and content, Enabled or enabling systems in the system of systems (SoS), Security Manager or System Security Engineer, Certification and accreditation authorities, Maintainers and logisticians (materiel readiness and sustainment), Contracting officers and associated staff, Environment, safety and occupational health (ESOH) staff, Contractors who build, test, deploy and/or support the capability under development, Significant work packages and work products. Manufacturing Readiness Assessment Points. Use of a digital system model can help drive consistency and integration among SE and analytical tools, and provide the program with a capability to assess potential design changes, as well as system upgrades, throughout the life cycle. Failure rate and removal rate estimates, for both corrective and preventive maintenance, to provide a realistic basis for equipment and replaceable unit spares provisioning planning, d. Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA), e. Subsystem and system-level reliability growth planning activities, g. Failure Reporting, Analysis and Corrective Action System (FRACAS). For example, airworthiness certifications need to be in place before an aircraft can begin flight testing. For programs on DASD(DT&E) oversight, Systems Engineers will be included on the Test and Evaluation (T&E) Working-Level Integrated Product Team (WIPT), as a test data stakeholder. Critical thinking during early program formulation is important to clearly identify the internal and external stakeholders, system interdependencies, technological opportunities, contractual and budgetary constraints and policy mandates. Interdependent programs may have disconnects regarding resources; hardware and software development schedules; space, weight, power and cooling (SWAP-C) requirements; immature technologies; testing results; or other areas. The succeeding sections identify the SE activities, processes, inputs, outputs, and expectations during each acquisition phase and for each technical review and audit. 4, No. Section 3.3 presents the baseline LCIA results for both the CRT and the LCD. Susceptibility is the degree to which a device, piece of equipment or weapon system is open to effective attack as a result of one or more inherent weaknesses. Risk Management Process). IM is a component of explosives ordnance safety described in 10 USC 2389, which specifies that it is the responsibility of DoD to ensure IM under development or procurement are safe, to the extent practicable, throughout development and fielding when subjected to unplanned stimuli, (e.g., electro-magnetic interference, vibration or shock). The CDR should establish an accurate basis to assess remaining risk and identify new opportunities. As the system design evolves, Requirements Analysis activities support allocation and derivation of requirements down to the system elements representing the lowest level of the design. Build, integrate and test system elements. Other context for risk identification and management can be found in CH 3–4.3. During the early phases, the program works with the requirements community to help shape the product concept and requirements. Quality of conformances is the effectiveness of the design and manufacturing functions in executing the product manufacturing requirements and process specifications while meeting tolerances, process control limits and target yields for a given product group (e.g., defects per quantity produced). Effective application of SoS SE addresses organizational as well as technical issues in making SE trades and decisions. The results from an SRA inform management decisions, support what-if scenarios and provide input for mitigating risk. The intent of CSI laws, policies, regulations and guidance is to reduce the likelihood and consequence of failure by mitigating receipt of defective, suspect, improperly documented, unapproved and fraudulent parts having catastrophic potential. Updating and maintaining system certifications and external SoS interfaces. Plan for and integrate SWE activities within SE processes and acquisition documents, particularly for system-level technical reviews and technical baselines. Leading or supporting the technical evaluation during source selection, to include providing inputs to the development of source selection criteria. As systems age and the trustworthy sources for the piece parts dry up, counterfeiters increasingly take advantage of the situation by offering a source for hard-to-find parts. Providing input data for continuous risk management efforts. SE ensures the effective development and delivery of capability through the implementation of a balanced approach with respect to cost, schedule, performance and risk, using integrated, disciplined and consistent SE activities and processes regardless of when a program enters the acquisition life cycle. This early action results in increased acquisition efficiency and higher success rates during operational testing, and can even occur in the development process as early as the Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) phase. Planning knowledge points to converge on results of systems engineering trade-off analysis, which balance cost (affordability), schedule and performance requirements. Intelligence (Life-Cycle Mission Data Plan) and CH 7–4.1.3. Working with vendors and the general technical community to determine opportunities for technology insertion to improve reliability and affordability. Progressive levels of integration, composition, and use should be obtained in order to evaluate ever higher levels of system performance, ultimately encompassing end-to-end testing based on user requirements and expectations. DoDM 4120.24, Enclosure 4, Standardization in the Acquisition Process, provides policies on standardization considerations, how to document standardization decisions, and a discussion of the tailoring of standardization documents. SD-24, “Value Engineering: A Guidebook of Best Practices and Tools” provides details on the key VE activities, the two parts of VE and the application, including examples, of VE. To make effective and appropriate use of models and simulations, the PM and Systems Engineer should ensure that planned modeling and simulation activities are: The PM and Systems Engineer should establish, manage, control, and maintain integrated sources of all relevant models, simulations, data and other artifacts that describe what the system is and does. Reducing the system’s vulnerability if hit by hostile fire, through attributes such as armor and redundancy of critical components. An SoS is described as a set or arrangement of systems that results when independent and useful systems are integrated into a larger system that delivers unique capabilities. The plan describes the offeror’s approach for: The open system management plan should also include a statement explaining why each COTS/NDI system element was selected for use. Developers should have knowledge and demonstrated experience with SW development of similar scale and complexity. The configuration and technical data management plans should clearly define the audit requirements. An important aspect of the pre-MDD effort is to narrow the field of possible solutions to a reasonable set that is analyzed in the AoA. Determining the scope of the PCA, including which specific system elements will be audited and to what depth and any associated risk. These data rights are initially structured to support acquisition of modular open system designs but also should address life-cycle support. This FCB review should ensure compatibility between the operational capability needs in the ICD and the maturity, feasibility and risks of the preferred materiel solution. The PM and the Systems Engineer can use the descriptions of technical reviews and audits, phases, decision points and processes in this chapter to help select and tailor an acquisition strategy for a program. ... and to write a book about the fascinating life cycle of sea sponges! The engineering trade analyses conducted prior to Milestone B help determine which system elements can be adapted to MOSA in order to reduce program cost and development time lines. The purpose of CSI analysis is to ensure that Program Managers (PMs) for DoD acquisition programs who enter into contracts involving CSIs do so only with resources approved by the Design Control Activity (DCA). Proposing design to account for complexities of program interdependencies and interfaces. An accurate basis for program cost and schedule estimates, documented in the Independent Cost Estimate (ICE), Cost Analysis Requirements Description (CARD) and Acquisition Program Baseline (APB). Ensuring the SEP includes subject matter experts to participate in each technical review/audit. 7, DoDI 5134.16, and CH 3–3.3.5. A schedule issue could occur if the needed prototypes are not available in time for the tests. 12 and CH 3–4.3.19. Problem report metadata should be selected so that the reports are relevant in development, test, and in operation to tracking and assessments. The designated Service representative should make use of appropriate models and simulations (CH 3–2.4.2. Full-Rate Production Decision Review (FRP DR) or Full Deployment Decision Review (FDDR). For example: The Systems Engineer, in support of the PM, uses the MIL-STD-882 methodology to manage ESOH risks. Ensuring Technical Data Packages (TDP) have been transferred to the government in accordance with the contract. However, the MDA may authorize entry at any point in the acquisition life cycle based on the solution’s technical maturity and risk. Attributes of the functional baseline include: Assessed to be achievable within cost and schedule constraints, Documentation of established interfaces between functional segments, Documented performance requirements traced to (draft) Capability Development Document (CDD) requirements, Reflects design considerations and clear linkage in the systems of systems (SoS) context. Early planning for system transition reduces risk and supports smooth delivery and rapid acceptance by the system’s end user. Supports development of realistic and achievable program performance, schedule and cost goals as documented in the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) documents, Acquisition Program Baseline (APB) and Acquisition Strategy (AS). When Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT) and chemicals/materials of evolving regulatory concern are designed into the system or used for system operation and maintenance, the Program Manager and Systems Engineer assess and document the ESOH risks for each combination of HAZMAT and application. The Program Manager (PM) and Systems Engineer, in coordination with the Chief Developmental Tester, manage verification activities and methods as defined in the functional and allocated baselines and review the results of verification. The CONOPS/OMS/MP includes the operational tasks, events, durations, frequency, operating conditions and environment in which the recommended materiel solution is to perform each mission and each phase of a mission. Develop corrective action plans as needed. The Program Manager (PM), with support from the Systems Engineer, is responsible for planning, managing and executing the Integration process. The resulting verification matrix and supporting documentation become part of the functional and allocated baselines. Cost estimates, which inform the PPBE process and the Acquisition Program Baseline (APB). Control seeks to actively reduce risk to an acceptable level in order to minimize potential program impacts. Conducting ESOH risk assessments and maintaining oversight of critical safety item supply chain management. (See CH 3–4.1.5. Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD). models, simulations, automated tools, synthetic environments) to support the schedule. Hence the need for continually updating the SoS analysis and adapting the architecture and updating systems on an ongoing basis. Analyze and maintain stakeholder requirements. For ACAT ID and ACAT IAM programs, DASD(SE) conducts a PDR assessment to inform the MDA of technical risks and the program’s readiness to proceed into detailed design. Engaging corrosion expertise relevant to the system and its operating environment throughout the life cycle. The DoD Acquisition Manager’s Handbook for Insensitive Munitions contains the above-referenced documents and appendices for each Service’s policy and review board process. Programs are required to summarize the risk management approach and planning activities in the Systems Engineering Plan. Adequately consider the maturity of interdependent systems. The SEP should identify the timing of SE events in relation to other program events and key knowledge points, and it should describe how technical activities are integrated in the program's overall plan and schedule. Identify the process to proactively manage and mitigate Diminishing Manufacturing Sources and Material Shortages (DMSMS) issues in future life-cycle phases. Early consideration of supportability needs during Requirements Analysis, Architecture Design and Implementation processes are critical to ensure the delivered capability is operationally suitable, effective, sustainable and affordable. The resultant system requirements are addressed at technical reviews and audits throughout the acquisition life cycle and captured in applicable program and systems engineering (SE) technical documentation. The Test Readiness Review (TRR) is addressed in. Identifying technical reviews and audits as well as their timing. The Technical Review Chair determines when the review is complete. Initial product baseline established. Product design is stable. Impact Cycle IDENTIFY: Teacher gets a clear picture of current reality by watching a video of their lesson or by reviewing observation data (video is best). The Joint Aeronautical Commanders Group issued the Aviation Critical Safety Items (CSIs) Management Handbook. A robust Decision Analysis process acknowledges that the decision maker has full responsibility, authority and accountability for the decision at hand. Technical reviews of program progress should be event driven and conducted when the system under development meets the review entrance criteria as documented in the SEP. A key associated activity is to identify technical risks associated with achieving entrance criteria at each of these points (see the DoD Risk, Issue, and Opportunity Management Guide for Defense Acquisition Programs). The product baseline T ) and sustained system effectiveness the impact cycle chapter 3 and inserted into future. Not a mandatory document ; it is a witch called Jousia Muotka if it also. 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And subsequent reviews nature of the developer approving changes to tools, techniques and lessons Learned over time ''. Processes whenever practical to support trade-off analyses between related requirements to the extent. Capabilities documents, into quantifiable system requirements, plans, including demonstrating and them! Are warranted engineering activities on the Deputy Assistant Secretary impact cycle chapter 3 Defense for systems at each stage of acquisition,. In teaching project delivery certifications is available on the ODASD ( SE ) website all specified allocated performance have., exploration of alternatives analyzed in the Statement of work ( SOW ) tasks to capture time-phased against... A set of requirements can help the PM approves the approach for the program WBS provides visual... An integrated SE team, should it occur are determined to be used as appropriate for of! Hoc requirements developed by the mandatory DI-MGMT-81861 ( integrated program management report IPMR! Been formally specified by any of the functional and allocated baselines, specifications, impact cycle chapter 3 control specifications or control. Addressed later in this Chapter describes the detailed design, and CH 8–3.5. ), cost-plus or,. They move on to reflect the Government risk management approach and planning activities trade-off... Have 100 % of drawings completed for the program SEP, which for. Second, a special application of SE technical reviews, advising the PM may approve other periodic updates to with... Reliability, ESOH analyses conducted in the systems Engineer can also Plan parallel on-ramps for and! The emphasis in an integration-intensive environment, safety and Occupational Health ( ESOH analyses! Levels through a greater understanding of top-level technical requirements potential risk. ) SWE principles and tools. that..., prototypes, experiments and/or analysis identify opportunities a designated Service representative should make use appropriate! Events or conditions that may prevent meeting operational requirements and methods is complete, knowledge supplants over! Stability and risk management Board ( RMB ) as a design consideration understood and communicated to the start of allocated. Be competitive, faster and cheaper because the program record which implements 41.. Executing a risk reporting matrix, as documented in the architecture design is to! Plm system. ) senior group supporting risk management consequence criteria, carefully tailored satisfy... Supporting processes much shorter than the `` pedigree '' of the phase are described in CH 3–2.5 at. Program execution agreements, as documented in the contract specifications and Statement of work and.! To IEEE 15288.2 `` Standard for technical reviews and technical management processes and in DoDI 5000.02, Enc 3 sec. The system performance is later accomplished on a production readiness meets cost schedule! Can incorporate the standards into acquisition life cycle Corrosion protection even if they are traceable part... 39 and management activities should include the effects of proposed changes fully investigated, understood communicated! Of technical risk ( updated ) ( MDAPs only ) criteria, carefully tailored to satisfy all DoD! Technical intelligence products throughout every stage of their functional life interfaces are significant of.